Guide to Champagne Bottle Sizes and Names

A classification and complete guide for all the different champagne bottle sizes and names, along with the most important details for all the large format champagne bottle sizes used for french champagne, California sparkling wine and other champagnes starting from very small bottles up to the biggest format we know.

Yet, lots of champagne lovers don’t know the meanings of all these bottle names. A knowledge of it can go a long way towards developing Champagne vertu, aside from winning bar bets! Herewith the names and their meanings, the Champagne bottle volumes, and also the related amount of Champagne glasses pourable from each.

Classification of Champagne Bottle Sizes

champagne bottles

TypeCapacityBottle EquivalentNumber of Glasses
Piccolo18.75 cl1/41
Demi37.5 cl1/23
Bottle75 cl16
Magnum1.5 l212
Jeroboam3 l424
Rehoboam4.5 l636
Methuselah6 l848
Salmanazar9 l1272
Balthazar12 l1696
Nebuchadnezzar15 l20120
Solomon18 l24144
Sovereign25 l34200
Primat27 l36216
Melchizedek30 l40240

Piccolo

This name of champagne bottle has an Italian origin and means “small”. Being 187,5 milliliters, this bottle is equal to 1 tulip of champagne.

Demi

Demi is a 375 ml of champagne bottle (“half” at French). Its another name is Fillete which means “little girl”. Demi bottle of champagne is an equivalent of 3 flute glasses, or half of standart bottle.

Bottle

Nothing new here. Most popular champagne bottle equals to 6 champagne glasses.

Magnum

Latin for “great”. It’s able of retaining double the amount of champagne (12 glasses) which is normally contained in a standard bottle of champange. It is described by champagne producers as the ideal bottle for aging champagne.

Jeroboam

The tiniest from the more whimsically called Champagne bottle sizes, it contains 3 liters, or 24 glasses. The label originates from the 1st king of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, who ruled for 22 years during the late 10th century BC. The name means “he increases the people”.

Rehoboam

A 4.5-liter (36 glasses) bottle, called for the son of King Solomon and grand son of King David, who ruled the Kingdom of Judah in the 10th century BC. Accordingly to the bottle’s dimension, his name indicates “he who enlarges the people”.

Methuselah

The champagne bottle called in Methuselah’s honor contains 6 liters or 64 glasses of Champagne. According to the Hebrew Bible, Methuselah is supposed to be the oldest person to ever live. Methuselah was an antediluvian patriarch mentioned in the Old Testament as having lived 969 years and whose name is symbolic of great age.

Salmanazar

A variation of the name of 5 Assyrian kings who ruled in between the Thirteenth and Eighth centuries BC. This kind of bottle holds 9 liters, equivalent to 12 bottles or 72 glasses.

Balthazar

A Balthazar bottle contains 12 liters of champagne or 16 standard bottles (it’s 96 glasses of champagne). As to hystory, Balthazar is a king of Arabia who presented gifts to Jesus after his birth.

Nebuchadnezzar

The name of the greatest, most powerful of all Babylonian kings, who ruled from the late 7th to the middle 6th century BC. The champagne bottle holds 15 liters, or 120 lasses.

Solomon

Solomon champagne bottle contains 18 liters or 144 glasses of champagne. The Solomon has turned out the most debatable to determine correctly. Both the CIVC along with the UMC (Union of Champagne houses) declare it at 18 litres / 24 bottles. Other resources, not cited here, have the Solomon variously at 20 litres /26.6 bottles, or 21 litres / 28 bottles, but I’m {inclined|willing} to choose the CIVC and the UMC opinion. It named for a king of Israel and the son of David. As an vessel, Solomon bottle is very rare and can be found in french champagne houses only.

Sovereign

The Sovereign shows up in the OCW as 34 bottles “in theory”, but direct communication with Taittinger, probably the solely maker to work with this specific size, indicates it at 35 bottles.

Primat

Primat 27-liter capacity (equivalent to 36 bottles), weight 65 kilos (143 pounds), height 100cm (40 inches), diameter 26cm (10 inches).

Melchizedek

Lastly, the greatest of all, the Melchizedek. Some say this unique bottle really exists, while others claim it’s pure myth. However, a Melchidezek keeps an impressive 30 liters of champagne or 40 standard 750 ml bottles.

Conclusion

Huge bottles of Champagne add a exclusive sense of celebration to life’s great parties. Keep in mind that some connoisseurs think that the sparkling wine won’t be as good from bigger bottles, losing most of its bubbles during the fermentation. Furthermore large champagne bottles can be hard to transport, with the average full Nebuchadnezzar weighing at a massive 83.5 pounds. Champagne bottles, specifically huge ones, have to be popped with care, since an unguarded cork can shoot out with great pressure, leading to damages to property or even people.

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